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Victron SolidSwitch 104

Original price was: $78.10.Current price is: $66.34. (inc. GST)

The Victron SolidSwitch 104 is a four-channel solid-state relay that is designed for use in DC power systems. It is primarily used to control the switching of loads, such as lights or pumps, and to protect the system from overloads and short circuits.

SKU: BMS800200104 Categories: ,

The SolidSwitch 104 is a small and super handy switch, especially useful to control an alternator, for example, a Balmar or Mastervolt Alpha-Pro, in a Victron lithium system. The SolidSwitch is wired in between the Allow-to-charge (ATC) contact from a BMS and the ignition. Its main advantage, over for example a relay, is the incredibly low power draw: 0.04 Ah per month, versus 21 Ah monthly of a typical 12V 1 Amp relay.

The SolidSwitch 104 switches DC loads of up to 70V/4A and can be controlled by a low power digital signal. It has three typical use cases:

  1. Control an external alternator regulator, such as a Balmar or Mastervolt Alpha pro in a Victron lithium system.
  2. Switch a DC load, such as a light. A low power control circuit, max current drawn will only be 100μA, can then control a load of up to 4 Amps.
  3. Increase the number of chargers that can be wired to the ATC (allow-to-charge) output of a Victron BMS

What is it that makes the SolidSwitch 104 unique?

The feature making it such a usable switch is its low current draw. The SolidSwitch will draw 0.04 Ah a month, while a small relay can easily take 10 Ah a month, or typically even 22 Ah (*). That reduction by a factor of 250 is crucial when using it in a lithium system to connect and control the alternator regulator: the control circuit will always be drawing its standby power. As well as when using it to increase the number of chargers that can be wired to a BMS ATC contact. By using a SolidSwitch rather than an ordinary relay, the parasitic load is reduced to the order of magnitude of the battery bank self
discharge. Note that, even when the batteries are fully charged, the ATC output of the BMS will still be enabled. And as such, control circuits such as a relay or in this case the SolidSwitch will be enabled and drawing power. Even when the charger or alternator is not charging. For this example, that means that when using a relay, the small relay draws 10Ah per month from the battery bank, even when the engine isn’t running. While the SolidSwitch only draws  04Ah, which is most likely far below the self-discharge of the batteries and thus neglectable.

(*) If for example a 12V 1A relay with a 400 Ohm coil is used, the current draw will be 30mA, or 21.6 Ah per month.

SolidSwitch Compatible Load types

The DC load can be resistive, capacitive or inductive (such as the coil of a high-power contactor)

SolidSwitch 104 used with a smallBMS, to control the alternator  SolidSwitch 104 used with a VE.Bus BMS, to control the alternator
Example diagram 1
SolidSwitch 104 used with a smallBMS, to control the alternator
Example diagram 2
SolidSwitch 104 used with a VE.Bus BMS, to control the alternator

 

Additional information

Operating Input voltage range (Vbat)

8 – 70V DC

Maximum load current

4A

Maximum capacitive load

Vbat up to 15V: 1000 µF 15V<Vbat<30V: 400 µF
30V<Vbat<70V: 50 µF

Maximum inductive load

Up to 1A: 1000 mH 1A<I<2A: 100 mH

Pre alarm output:

Normally free floating
High (Vbat) in case of alarm, max. 1A (not short circuit proof)More than 2A: 10 mH

Remote input (Vin)

Free floating or Vin< 3V: load off 3,3V < Vin < 70V: load onMin. input current to switch on: 30 µA

Operating temperature

-20 to +50°C 0 – 120°F

Humidity

Max. 95% (non-condensing)

Protection grade

IP20

Material and colour

ABS, matt black

Dimensions (h x w x d)

58 x 66 x 23 mm